BIOSOLIDS MANAGEMENT 2018 – STATE SUMMARY
- Most wastewater solids (sewage sludges) are treated to make biosolids and are applied to
soils. In 2018, about half were treated to the highest quality standard, a special “Class AA”
designation under Florida regulations, and distributed and marketed as fertilizer. About a
quarter were Class B biosolids applied to soils at permitted sites. The remaining biosolids went
to landfill, except for ~0.4% that was burned at waste-to-energy facilities.
- Class AA biosolids have been distributed and used with few further restrictions, making them
flexible fertilizer and soil amendment products in the general marketplace. The amount of
Exceptional Quality (EQ) Class AA biosolids produced in Florida has been increasing over the
- Biosolids beneficial use on soils – i.e. Class B land application – has created increasing concerns
amongst the public and lawmakers because of malodors and other nuisances and potential
impacts of biosolids-borne phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. This led to law and
regulation revisions that became effective in June 2021 and may reduce biosolids beneficial
use in the Sunshine State in the coming years.